Ask the Chandler

If you are a candle fan, you may or may not have heard some fancy terms thrown around while researching and shopping for candles in stores or online. Truth is, candle making is a science. Mixing just the right oils and pouring at the right temperature can drastically effect the way a candle burns and smells.

So for those of you who are looking to expand your knowledge and sound like you know your stuff, here's a guide of a few common candle terms to know! 


There are two types of throw. Hot vs. Cold. Hot throw refers to how a candle smells when it’s lit. It can also define how far the fragrance will “throw out” in terms of circumference in a room.

Cold Throw is how a candle smells before it has been lit. Something important to know here is that fragrance typically smells stronger when you smell the top of an unlit candle.

Essential Oils

Essential Oils are comprised of volatile aroma compounds that are taken from plants or plant essence oils.

Phthalates, or phthalate esters, are esters of Phthalic acid. They are used to dissolve raw materials when making fragrance oils. They have been used for many decades in a myriad of pharmaceuticals, household and industrial products.

Recently, there have been concerns that high levels of Phthalates can cause a host of health issues. It is not clear whether the levels that people encounter cause adverse effects, but it is clear to us that products would be better if they didn’t pose any such risks.

Here at Salt & Shore, I ensure every essential oils that contain no Phthalates and that no oils or fragrance is tested on animals.


Many people will ask, "why are some of your candles slightly yellow compared to the others?" Natural ingredients can always impact the eventual color of your candles. Because fragrance oils often include ingredients like vanillin, citrus oils, and cinnamon that vary from batch to batch, you might find your candles discoloring over time. There’s nothing wrong with the fragrance oil itself—it’s just a common variable when using natural ingredients.


Frosting is the white, chalky marks that appear often on soy candles. Similar to bloom on beeswax candles, frosting is natural with 100% soy wax and does not affect the fragrance or shelf life of a candle.

Cure or Curing

Curing means to age the candle or soap. Once a candle is hardened it may look finished, but there are still many changes that happen beyond what the eye can see. The wax and fragrance needs time to bond together.

Melt Pool

Refers to the size of the pool of melted wax that forms around the top of a burning candle. Always allow that melt pool to reach all the way to the edge of your candle vessel every time you light it, and don't blow the candle out until the entire top of the candle is liquid wax. The larger the melt pool, the farther the scent will throw!


Carbon mushrooms can form at the top of a candle's wick. Make sure to trim your wick to a 1/4 inch before lighting. 

I hope this little guide has helped improve your candle knowledge! Happy sniffing!

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